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Breakdown: The Different Types Of Telescopes
Essentially, as a beginner - you will need to decide between three basic types of Telescopes. These are, the Reflecting Telescope, the Refracting Telescope, and a hybrid of the two which is referred to as a Compound or Catadioptric Telescope.
The Different Types Of Telescopes
The Reflector Telescope was invented by English physicist and mathematician Sir Isaac Newton in 1668. He was a key leader in the Scientific Revolution of the 17th Century.
In order to form an image, light is reflected between a primary concave mirror and a flat secondary mirror. At Red Carpet Telescopes, we believe that Reflectors are the BEST value Telescopes for Beginners.
It is worth noting that Reflector Optics will require re-alignment and cleaning. Additionally, this type of Telescope cannot be used for land viewing, as all objects will appear upside down.
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The Refractor is the earliest type of optical Telescope. They first appeared around 1620 in the Netherlands, Invented by lensmaker Hans Lippershey.
A refracting telescope is an optical Telescope that uses a lens system to produce high clarity images. The Optics have fixed alignment and low maintenance.
This type of Telescope can be used for land object viewing (or as it's otherwise known: 'terrestrial viewing'), as long as the Telescope comes equipped with an Erect Prism/Diagonal, which most Refractors do. However - if it does not, Erect Prisms/Diagonals can be purchased separately.
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Catadioptric Telescopes are a hybrid optical Telescope that utilizes mirrors and lenses. Essentially, principles and elements of both Reflectors and Refractors are combined to form the Catadioptric Telescope. Different variants of these types of Telescopes can be known as Maksetov-Cassegrains, Schmidt-Cassegrains, etc.
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If you're looking to purchase your first Telescope, check out our Blog post How To Choose Your First Telescope to learn more.
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